Teeth grinding, or bruxism is a common condition that involves clenching or grinding one’s teeth, usually during sleep. While occasional teeth grinding is normal, persistent bruxism can lead to dental problems such as worn enamel, chipped, or cracked teeth, and jaw pain. 

The causes of bruxism are often related to stress, anxiety, and sleep disorders, but can also be linked to certain medications or lifestyle factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption. 

Ignoring bruxism can result in serious dental problems that can be difficult and expensive to treat, which is why it’s important to seek professional help if you suspect you’re grinding your teeth. Dentists are equipped with the knowledge and tools necessary to diagnose and treat bruxism, as well as prevent further damage to your teeth and overall oral health. 

In this blog, we’ll explore the signs and symptoms of bruxism, its causes, and how dentists can help you manage and prevent teeth grinding. We’ll also discuss different treatment options, including dental splints, mouthguards, and Botox injections, as well as lifestyle changes that can help reduce the risk of bruxism. By the end of this blog, you’ll have a better understanding of how to get a restful night’s sleep and maintain good oral health. 

Signs and Symptoms of Bruxism 

One of the most obvious signs of bruxism is the sound of teeth grinding during sleep, which is often noticed by a partner or family member. Other common symptoms of teeth grinding include: 

  • Jaw pain, soreness, or stiffness 
  • Headaches, especially in the morning 
  • Tooth sensitivity or pain 
  • Worn down or flattened teeth 
  • Cracked or chipped teeth 
  • Receding gums 
  • Tongue indentation or biting on the inside of the cheek 
  • Disrupted sleep, insomnia, or restless sleep 

Persistent teeth grinding can cause significant damage to your teeth and other oral health problems if left untreated. Grinding can wear down the protective layer of enamel on your teeth, making them more susceptible to decay and sensitivity. In severe cases, teeth can crack or even break, requiring extensive dental work to repair. 

It’s important to seek early detection and treatment for bruxism to prevent further damage to your teeth and overall oral health. Dentists can diagnose bruxism through a physical exam and may use imaging tests such as X-rays or a bite analysis to assess the extent of tooth damage. Once diagnosed, dentists can recommend appropriate treatment options to manage and prevent teeth grinding. 

Signs and Symptoms of Bruxism

Causes of Bruxism 

There are a variety of factors that can contribute to teeth grinding, including stress, anxiety, and sleep disorders. Bruxism is often linked to emotional or psychological stress and can also be a side effect of certain medications such as antidepressants. 

Certain lifestyle factors and habits can also increase the risk of bruxism. For example, consuming alcohol or smoking tobacco can worsen teeth grinding. Sleeping habits, such as sleeping on your stomach or having an abnormal bite, can also contribute to bruxism. 

To reduce your risk of bruxism, it’s important to manage stress through relaxation techniques such as meditation, yoga, or deep breathing exercises. Avoiding alcohol, tobacco, and caffeine can also help reduce the likelihood of grinding. Practicing good sleep hygiene, such as maintaining a regular sleep schedule and sleeping in a comfortable position, can also reduce the risk of bruxism. 

In addition to lifestyle changes, dentists can also recommend various treatment options to manage and prevent teeth grinding. These may include wearing a dental splint or mouthguard, taking muscle relaxants, or even receiving Botox injections to relax the muscles in the jaw. By addressing the underlying causes of bruxism and taking proactive steps to reduce the risk factors, you can prevent teeth grinding and maintain good oral health. 

Causes of Bruxism

Diagnosis and Treatment Options 

Dentists can diagnose bruxism through a physical examination and review of symptoms, as well as by using imaging tests such as X-rays or a bite analysis to assess the extent of tooth damage. Once diagnosed, dentists can recommend various treatment options to manage and prevent teeth grinding. 

One common treatment option is the use of a dental splint or mouthguard, which is a custom-fitted device that is worn during sleep to protect the teeth and jaw from the damaging effects of grinding. These devices work by preventing the upper and lower teeth from coming into contact with each other and can help reduce jaw pain and headaches associated with bruxism. 

Another treatment option is Botox injections, which can be used to relax the muscles in the jaw and prevent clenching and grinding. Botox injections are typically reserved for severe cases of bruxism and may require multiple injections over time to maintain the effects. 

Each treatment option has its own set of pros and cons, and dentists can help patients decide which option is best for them based on their individual needs and preferences. It’s important to follow up with your dentist regularly to ensure that the treatment is working effectively and to make any necessary adjustments. 

In addition to these treatments, lifestyle changes such as stress management techniques and good sleep hygiene can also help prevent teeth grinding. By working closely with your dentist and taking proactive steps to address the underlying causes of bruxism, you can prevent further damage to your teeth and maintain good oral health in the long term 

Diagnosis and Treatment Options

Dental Splints and Mouthguards 

Dental splints and mouthguards are custom-made appliances used to treat bruxism by preventing the upper and lower teeth from coming into contact with each other. Splints are recommended for patients with significant tooth wear or jaw pain, while mouthguards are for those who grind their teeth without those issues. 

To get a custom-made appliance, patients need to visit their dentist who will take impressions of their teeth to create a mould. The mould is then sent to a dental laboratory to create the appliance, which will be fitted and adjusted by the dentist once ready. 

Proper care and maintenance of dental appliances are essential to ensure their effectiveness and longevity. Patients should clean their appliances regularly with a soft-bristled toothbrush and mild soap, store it in a clean, dry container, and avoid extreme temperatures and direct sunlight. Dental splints and mouthguards can significantly relieve bruxism symptoms and help maintain good oral health with proper care and collaboration with the dentist. 

Botox Injections for Bruxism

Botox Injections for Bruxism 

Botox injections are a treatment option for bruxism that work by reducing muscle tension in the jaw. The injections contain a small amount of botulinum toxin, which blocks the nerve signals that cause the muscles to contract. By reducing the intensity of muscle contractions, Botox can help to prevent grinding and relieve the symptoms of bruxism. 

During the injection process, a small amount of Botox is injected into the muscles of the jaw using a thin needle. The procedure is relatively quick and typically does not require any anaesthesia. Patients may experience mild discomfort or bruising at the injection site, but this usually resolves within a few days. 

After the treatment, it may take several days to a week for the full effects of the Botox to be noticeable. The effects typically last for three to six months before additional injections are needed. While Botox injections for bruxism are generally considered safe, there is a risk of side effects such as headaches, muscle weakness, or difficulty swallowing. Patients should discuss these risks with their healthcare provider before undergoing the procedure. 

Lifestyle Changes to Reduce Bruxism

Lifestyle Changes to Reduce Bruxism 

While dental splints, mouthguards, and other treatments can be effective in managing bruxism, lifestyle changes can also play a significant role in reducing the risk of teeth grinding.

Here are some tips for managing stress and anxiety, improving sleep habits, and making other lifestyle changes that may help prevent bruxism: 

  • Manage Stress: Stress and anxiety are common triggers for bruxism. Engage in stress-reducing activities such as exercise, meditation, or yoga. Talk to a mental health professional if necessary. 
  • Improve Sleep Habits: Poor sleep can increase the risk of bruxism. Stick to a regular sleep schedule, avoid caffeine and alcohol before bed, and create a relaxing sleep environment. 
  • Avoid Chewing on Objects: Chewing on objects such as pens or pencils can contribute to teeth grinding. Avoid this habit and try chewing gum instead. 
  • Adjust Your Diet: Certain foods and drinks such as alcohol, caffeine, and sugar can worsen bruxism. Avoid or limit their intake. 
  • Stay Hydrated: Dehydration can lead to muscle tension and increase the risk of bruxism. Drink plenty of water throughout the day. 

By making these lifestyle changes, individuals can reduce the risk of bruxism and improve their overall health and well-being. It’s important to work closely with a dentist and healthcare provider to develop a personalised treatment plan that addresses the underlying causes of teeth grinding. 



If you suspect that you have bruxism, it is important to seek professional help from a dentist as soon as possible. By doing so, you can prevent further damage to your teeth and jaw and reduce pain. Mermaid Smiles is a trusted dental business that can provide you with the guidance and treatment you need to manage your bruxism effectively. 

In addition to seeking professional help, there are steps you can take to maintain good oral health and get a restful night’s sleep. Practising good sleep hygiene, avoiding caffeine and alcohol before bedtime, and reducing stress through relaxation techniques are just a few ways to manage bruxism. 

At Mermaid Smiles, our experienced dentists can provide you with a personalised treatment plan that is tailored to your unique needs. Book a dental consultation with us today to learn more about how we can help you manage your bruxism and maintain good oral health. Don’t wait – take the first step towards a healthier, well-rested life today.